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Sexual function in women undergoing surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis: a comparison with healthy women
  1. Nadine Di Donato1,
  2. Giulia Montanari1,
  3. Arianna Benfenati1,
  4. Giorgia Monti2,
  5. Deborah Leonardi2,
  6. Valentina Bertoldo2,
  7. Chiara Facchini1,
  8. Diego Raimondo1,
  9. Gioia Villa3,
  10. Renato Seracchioli4
  1. 1Clinical Research Fellow, Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  2. 2Medical Doctor, Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  3. 3Gynaecology Consultant, Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  4. 4Gynaecology Professor, Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nadine Di Donato. Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 13, Bologna 40138, Italy; nadine.didonato{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background Endometriosis is a chronic and progressive condition of women of reproductive age. It is strongly associated with significant impairment of sexual function.

Aim To objectively evaluate the impact of laparoscopic excision of endometriosis on sexual function in patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) compared to healthy women.

Setting and design Prospective study, including 250 patients with a diagnosis of DIE scheduled for laparoscopic surgery and 250 healthy women.

Methods A sexual activity questionnaire, SHOW-Q (Sexual Health Outcomes in Women Questionnaire), was used to collect data pertaining to women's satisfaction, orgasm, desire and pelvic problem interference with sexual function. Women with DIE underwent complete excision of endometriotic lesions. All participants were asked to complete the SHOW-Q questionnaire before and after surgery.

Results SHOW-Q scores in the endometriosis group before and 6 months after surgery were compared with the healthy group scores. A significant improvement was found between pre- and post-treatment in the scores of the satisfaction scale, desire scale and pelvic problem interference scale of SHOW-Q. The distribution of post-surgery SHOW-Q scores was comparable to healthy women's scores apart from the orgasm scale score, which was unchanged in the post-surgery group.

Conclusions The surgical approach to treatment has a positive impact not only on organ impairment but also on sexual function in women affected by DIE.

  • endometriosis
  • oral contraceptives
  • infertility
  • natural family planning
  • general practice
  • counselling

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